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  • Writer's pictureNicole Pollard

Sept. 21- Principle of Design/Emphasis

1. Principles of Design

So far we've reviewed the following principles of design:

CONTRAST- Fundamental principle that refers to the arrangement of opposite elements in a composition to create visual interest, depth, and emphasis.

PATTERN- A pattern is a repeated decorative motif that can be simple or complex, geometric or organic, and can be made up of shapes, lines, colors, or textures. The use of pattern in design can serve to create a sense of balance, movement, and rhythm within a composition.

BALANCE- It is the process of arranging elements so that no single part of a design overpowers or dominates the other parts. Balance can be achieved in several ways, including symmetry, asymmetry, and radial symmetry.

MOVEMENT- Movement is a crucial principle of design that allows designers to create dynamic and engaging compositions. By using lines, shapes, colors, and other design elements, designers can create a sense of movement that draws the viewer's eye and creates a sense of flow and rhythm.

Today we'll be working on a design that demonstrates EMPHASIS.


Emphasis is a principle of design that refers to the visual weight or importance given to certain elements within a composition. It is used to guide the viewer's attention and create hierarchy within the design. There are several techniques designers use to achieve emphasis, including contrast, color, scale, and placement. Contrast involves using elements that are visually different from one another to create a sense of emphasis. For example, using a large, bold font for a headline while using a smaller, lighter font for the body text creates contrast and draws the viewer's attention to the headline. Color can also be used to create emphasis. Bright, bold colors naturally draw the eye, while muted colors recede into the background. A designer might use a pop of color to draw attention to a specific element within a composition. Scale refers to the size of elements within a design. Using larger elements to draw attention and smaller elements to recede into the background can create a sense of emphasis and hierarchy. Placement is another technique for creating emphasis. Elements placed at the center or top of a composition tend to draw more attention than those placed at the bottom or edges. Overall, emphasis is an important principle of design that helps guide the viewer's attention and create a cohesive, visually appealing composition.

Download the elements in Schoology under the assignment "Principles of Design/Emphasis" to complete the in-class edit.

2. Your Childhood Self/Chroma Key Composite

Today is your last day to finish editing and submitting the assignment for "Your Childhood Self." Be sure to blend your composite to make a seamless photograph.

Submission guidelines:

  • Submit the photo independently

  • Submit your photo combined with the worksheet in the assignment. Add 5 sentences about what you'd tell your childhood self.

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